This text also included a Wagnerian precept for cultural flourishing: society must cultivate and promote its most elevated and creative types—the artistic genius. The great man and the great deed belong to a human destiny, one that emerges in situations of crisis and severe want.
He thus claims that the concept of the thing-in-itself or a metaphysical world that is inaccessible to our cognitive faculties is also a contradiction in terms.
In a sense, Nietzsche is anticipating Pragmatism. We have no right to be single in anything: we may neither err nor hit upon the truth singly. Some scholars take the value creation passages as evidence that Nietzsche was an anti-realist about value, so that his confident evaluative judgments should be read as efforts at rhetorical persuasion rather than objective claims Leiteror relatedly they suggest that Nietzsche could fruitfully be read as a skeptic, so that such passages should be evaluated primarily for their practical effect on readers Berry ; see also Leiter A peculiar kind of meaningfulness is thus gained by the retrograde step: it yields a purpose for existence, but in an ironic form, perhaps esoterically and without ground; it is transparently nihilistic to the man with insight, but suitable for most; susceptible to all sorts of suspicion, it is nonetheless necessary and for that reason enforced by institutional powers.
The aim is lacking; 'Why? Thus, an important leitmotiv of his philosophy becomes the comprehension of what happens when impulses are sublimated.
But, Nietzsche insisted, in an intellectual climate that demands honesty in the search for truth and proof as a condition for belief, the absence of foundations has already been laid bare. It is a little muddled exactly what this world is, but that is, I think, precisely the point.
At any rate unattained. The relation between words and things becomes the initial moment of understanding reality. So, we do not see the thing, only a perspective of it. The existence of a value presupposes a value-positing perspective, and values are created by human beings and perhaps other value-positing agents as aids for survival and growth.