The invention of writing and the earliest literatures of the philippines

With this important innovation, it was also possible to write the name of persons who were involved in the transaction and not just the goods.

The Greek alphabet had a wide diffusion in the Hellenistic world, but today it is confined to Greece.

brief history of writing

The hieroglyphic writing was used from 3, BC until AD, so for nearly 4, years. The paintings of animals were probably connected to magical rites to foster hunting, while it seems the notches engraved on bones and stones were a way to count something, as for example the days which pass, the lunar months, or the prey captured.

oldest written text

Through the Aramaic, also the Syrian, Hebrew, Arabic and Persian scripts derive from the Phoenician alphabet and are consonant writings. Arabic script was adopted as the primary script of the Persian language and the Turkish language.

Oldest writing in the world

Centuries of serious difficulties followed and the population of that area drastically lowered. By reading one after the other as phonograms the drawing of the head and that of the mouth, it was possible to obtain the name of "Luka" "Luke". In fact, our alphabet just comes from the Proto-Sinaitic one. These tablets were smaller and handier to use than the heavy mud balls. The other variation, known as Eastern Greek , was used in present-day Turkey and by the Athenians, and eventually the rest of the world that spoke Greek adopted this variation. However, in its time it was so revolutionary that it made the Hebrews a nation apart, sometimes laughed at, sometimes feared, but always alien The consonantal script in which their literary legacy was handed down to us was a great step forward from the hieroglyphic and cuneiform systems But the absence of the notation for the vowels made for ambiguity and misreading What were the vowel sounds in the sacred name of God? Arabic script was adopted as the primary script of the Persian language and the Turkish language. This alphabet spread to the Russians and the other orthodox Slavic peoples who called it Cyrillic. So, around BC, other signs were introduced which were not used to mean an object, but rather a sound phonograms. The Brahmic family of India is believed by some scholars to have derived from the Aramaic alphabet as well. Figure 2 - Clay tokens used to mean farm animals or agricultural products. Perhaps they were intent on writing something down as a dictation. Greece rediscovered the writing only 4 centuries after, with the arrival of the Phoenician alphabet. By means of the mythological references which it was possible to find in the symbols they used, their writing was enriched with meanings and shades that it was not possible transmit or obtain from the alphabetic writing.

Without written documents of this oral tradition, there was always the risk of its literature being irrevocably lost due to cataclysms such as foreign conquest or natural disaster.

This alphabet gave rise to the Aramaic and Greek alphabets.

The invention of writing and the earliest literatures of the philippines

Literature in Greek was produced not only over a much wider area but also by those whose mother tongue was not Greek. The didactic poetry of Hesiod c. The birth of writing is a long and very interesting process and I'm convinced that by the end of this article, you will want to know more about this topic. During its evolution, the hieroglyphic writing was influenced by the Sumerians, but it developed in a completely original way. Arabic and Persian quickly began to overshadow Greek's role as a language of scholarship. This alphabet spread to the Russians and the other orthodox Slavic peoples who called it Cyrillic. Internal and external struggle resulted in the destruction of the cities and the deportation of the population to Babylon B.

This system continued to be used for some millennia. It is more or less from the same period that the oldest fragments of bones and pebbles with notches date from.

History of writing pdf

Wood-pulp paper is still used today, and in recent times efforts have been made in order to improve bond strength of fibers. A long narrative poem Done in formal style About an extraordinary hero. Because of its simplicity, this writing system can be learnt by anybody and it does not require the years of study needed to learn the complex cuneiform and hieroglyphic writings. In that period, the great civilizations of the bronze age, of the Aegean sea and of the Near East, suddenly collapsed. No prose writer is known earlier than Pherecydes of Syros c. When Mycenaean people conquered Crete, they adopted the Linear A to write in their own language, the ancient Greek. Its evolution was similar to the cuneiform and hieroglyphic writings, but it never attained the alphabetic stage. These in turn led to the writing systems used throughout regions ranging from Western Asia to Africa and Europe.

It is worth reading more about! You are also allowed to integrate the sentences with some letters of the alphabet. After the fall of the Berlin wall, other countries with language similar to the Turkish replaced the Cyrillic alphabet with the Latin one.

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The invention of writing and the earliest literatures